Written by Steve Savage
Today, to be patriotic, for the 4th of July I bought my wife some red, white and blue carnations. I got them at Franco’s Flowers on Leucadia Boulevard just off the I5. If you live in North County, this is definitely the place to get flowers. I’m no professional flower arranger, but I think they came out nicely.
I asked the clerk who was trimming and wrapping the flowers where they came from, and he said, “Columbia.” At least that felt more patriotic than purchasing them from Hugo Chavez’ Venezuela.
The Irony of This Purchase
It is ironic, because I live in Northern San Diego County, in the city of Encinitas, which was once the capital of cut flower production for the US. One of the few remaining greenhouses, Dramm and Echter, borders my neighborhood.
Much of the hill-top land with views to the Pacific was once owned by the Ecke family. They once controlled 90+% of the wholesale Poinsettia business selling to the greenhouses around the country to local greenhouses that prepared them to be America’s traditional Christmas decoration. Over the years they have sold off land for housing, for shopping centers and for a beautiful golf course where I frequently run. When my family moved to Encinitas in 1990, we bought in a neighborhood that was once in flowers, but which was converted in 1974.
Why The Flower Growers Left
There are several inexorable trends that have since driven the flower business largely out of my town. Some has gone to California’s Central Valley. Some has gone to Mexico. Most has gone to Venezuela (roses), and Columbia (carnations). The drivers were:
- The very high cost of land
- The very high taxes that were indexed on land price, and
- Diminishing labor pools
Basically, it was “Urbanization,” or really “Suburbanization.” It has also greatly diminished our strawberry and avocado industries. This really isn’t such a big issue outside of California, but it certainly is in a place like San Diego.
Can I Be Patriotic and Green While Buying Flowers?
These trends are not limited to flowers. It is true of any labor intensive crop, with asparagus being the poster child. Americans are rapidly increasing their consumption of this tasty, cancer-fighting vegetable, but our own production is declining rapidly. The logic is simple – asparagus is a 12-15 year crop with a short, labor intensive harvest season for 2-4 weeks in the spring. We once had thriving asparagus industries all over the US. It was a common, local vegetable. As doubts developed about the future labor supply ,and as land prices soared, farmers abandoned the crop. Now we buy asparagus from Peru and transport it by air. The roses, carnations and asparagus were all US-sponsored projects to give small farmers an alternative to growing cocaine. In every case they have become industries dominated by large companies. (The small farmers still grow the cocaine, by the way.)
Some Hope for Ocean Transport in the Future
Fortunately, there are several technologies in place and in development that may make it possible to deliver these commodities by ocean transport – an extremely efficient system. Soon we may be able to enjoy flowers, asparagus, and off-season fruits while being both patriotic and green.
So can I feel patriotic buying those flowers for my wife? Yes.
You can email me at email@example.com. My website is Applied Mythology
Written by Guest Expert
Steve Savage has worked with various aspects of agricultural technology for more than 35 years. He has a PhD in plant pathology and his varied career included Colorado State University, DuPont, and the bio-control start-up, Mycogen. He is an independent consultant working with a wide variety of clients on topics including biological control, biotechnology, crop protection chemicals, and more. Steve writes and speaks on food and agriculture topics (Applied Mythology blog) and does a bi-weekly podcast called POPAgriculture for the CropLife Foundation.